The industry indicator in August soared by 8.4 percent against the same period last year with manufacturing sector hiking by 12.4 percent; electricity production leaping by 9.6 percent; and water supply and waste treatment sector leaped by 7.3 percent. Worse, mining sector dipped by 5 percent within two recent years.
Even though mining industry plays a pivotal role in the country’s economy, the industry dipped in two years because of difficult exploitation and dependence on world markets.
Economist Dr. Vo Tri Thanh said that in the context that crude oil has fallen deeply and the world applied new techniques that help consumers in the world not to deppend much on petrol. Positively, the drop of mining sector is an impetus for policy-makers to make renovation to use environmentally friendly substances.
In reality in two decades, Vietnam is on the brink of extinction of many minerals because of over-exploitation. As per the Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources’ latest report, around 450 mines nationwide under the government’s management which contributed around 3.5 percent the country’s gross domestic product.
Over 170 enterprises in mining sector mostly use backward exploitation technologies and take little heed to environment protection, labor safety and natural resource protection; accordingly, they destroy jungle and natural life.
Around 11,312 jungle hectare and land for growing tree had been destroyed for mining yet little trees are re-planted and high pollution in these areas is seen.
In next time, as per the Politburo’s decision No. 02-NQ/TW on the strategy for mining and mining industry to 2020 with the vision to 2030 and the Prime Minister’s decision No.2427/QD-TTg, mining sector will still play an important role in the country industry.
However, to carry out the strategy successfully, other industries must be developed at the deep level same with other countries through calling for social contributions. The government must encourage utilization of advanced and environmentally friendly technologies. During the process, the government must enhance supervision to battle pollution.